Lex Rex Ph

Action in rem

Actions in rem are actions against the thing itself. They are binding upon the whole world.59 The phrase, “against the thing,” to describe in rem actions is a metaphor. It is not the “thing” that is the party to an in rem action; only legal or natural persons may be parties even in in rem actions.60 The following are some of the examples of actions in rem: petitions directed against the “thing” itself or the res which concerns the status of a person, like a petition for adoption, correction of entries in the birth certificate; or annulment of marriage; nullity of marriage; petition to establish illegitimate filiation; registration of land under the Torres system; and forfeiture proceedings. – Frias vs. Alcayde

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