Lex Rex Ph

Lex rex simply means “the law is the king.” It’s another way of saying that we must be a government of laws and not of men; that no one is above the law, and anyone who stands before the law find himself on level ground. This is a repository of law school notes that strives to reflect that principle.

Pactum Commissorium

A stipulation in a contract which provides that the creditor or pledgee will automatically appropriate the thing mortgaged or pledged as security for a principal obligation when the debtor or pledgor did not pay within the stipulated period. This stipulation is void by virtue of Article 2088. The creditor cannot appropriate the things given by way to pledge or mortgage, or dispose of them. Any stipulation to the contrary is null and void. ART. 2088, New Civil Code 2 Elements


Precarium is a specie of commodatum where the bailor can demand the return of the thing at will. This is a contractual relationship. (Art. 1947)

Res Judicata

is a rule that a final judgment on the merits by a court of competent jurisdiction is conclusive of the rights of the parties or

Rebus Sic Stantibus

The contract can only be valid if the conditions prevailing at the time of contracting continue to exist at the time of performance. If the

Arenas vs. Raymundo Digest

March 13, 1911 Facts Arenas et al delivered their jewelry to Perello for the latter to sell on commission. Instead of selling, Perello pledged the

Love the process. Not just the outcome.
Do not rush things. Great things take time.
Decide the type of person you want to be. Prove it to yourself with small wins. - James Clear
If you love something, you will always be willing to do the difficult things. - Bernice Piñol

Stocks vs. Bonds

Stocks Bonds Nature A unit of ownership of the company A loan to the company Profits over time Intended to appreciate in value through time

Actions in rem vs. in personam

In rem proceeding In personam proceeding Object of the action To bar all who might make an objection against a right, and anyone in the

Persons and Family Relations Quiz

Persons is a sub-topic under the Civil Code, particularly that of the Family Code. This is usually taken during the first year of law school.


a bailee is a person who receives a non-consumable thing for the purpose of using it for a certain period of time and with the


Commodatum is when one party (bailor) delivers a thing to another (bailee) so that the latter may use the same for a certain time and


is the person who delivers a non-consumable thing for the use of a bailee in a certain period of time without compensation for its use.

Republic vs. Labrador Digest

Facts Labrador filed to have the name appearing on the birth certificate of Sarah Zita Cañon Erasmo changed from “Sarah Zita Erasmo” to “Sarah Zita

BASECO vs. PCGG Digest

Facts BASECO (Bataan Shipyard and Engineering Co. Inc.) challenged the PCGG sequestration orders issued in accordance with EOs 1 and 2 of President Cory Aquino.

Proceeding quasi in rem

A proceeding quasi in rem is one brought against persons seeking to subject the property of such persons to the discharge of the claims assailed.61

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