Maritime Zones under UNCLOS

The different maritime zones can be defined by first determining the baseline. The baseline is the low-water line or low-tide elevation along the coast which includes its islands at the highest tide level. Seaward will be the different maritime zones, while landward will be the internal waters. The different maritime zones are: Territorial Waters This […]


a bailee is a person who receives a non-consumable thing for the purpose of using it for a certain period of time and with the obligation of returning it. If there are two or more bailees in a contract, the bailees have solidary liability (Art. 1945) Obligations of the bailee (1) Acquire use but not […]


Commodatum is when one party (bailor) delivers a thing to another (bailee) so that the latter may use the same for a certain time and return the same. (Article 1933 New Civil Code) “one party” – this is the bailor. He need not be the absolute or naked owner because there is no transfer of […]


is the person who delivers a non-consumable thing for the use of a bailee in a certain period of time without compensation for its use. (Art. 1935 of New Civil Code) The bailor retains ownership (Art. 1933) but a bailor need not be the owner of the thing loaned. (Art. 1938) The contract between a […]


Meaning of Collation Collation is the process of adding value to the heredity mass of net estate the value of things or rights disposed of by the decedent during his lifetime by way of donation or gratuitous title. This is only applicable when there is at least one compulsory heir because there will be a […]

Essay on Law School Entrance

What would you consider as the top three Christian values that the Filipinos have shown during this crisis?  Crises reveal character. If there’s a notable event that comes out of the furnace of a tough time, that’s the uncovering of character – both good and unpleasant. There are notable Christian values worth highlighting common among […]

Jurisdiction and its Types

Means “the power to hear and decide cases” (Herrera vs. Barreto) and execute judgment thereon (Echegaray vs. Sec. of Justice) “The authority to resolve cases, and determine the rights and obligations of the parties.” Jurisdiction is conferred only by the Constitution or by law and never derived by implication (Garcia vs. De Jesus, Tobon Uy […]


The primary legal source for domestic adoption in the Philippines is RA 8552. Its short name is Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 and its complete name is AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE RULES AND POLICIES ON THE DOMESTIC ADOPTION OF FILIPINO CHILDREN AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. Full text This post only gives the highlights of adoption. For […]

Capital Gains Tax

Capital Gains Tax meaning is the final tax assessed on the presumed gain derived by citizens and resident aliens, as well as estates and trusts, from the sale of or exchange of real property.1 Only natural persons or individuals are liable to the final capital gains tax but corporations are liable for ordinary income tax […]


any person who shall contract a second or subsequent marriage before the former marriage has been legally dissolved, or before the absent spouse has been declared presumptively dead by means of a judgment rendered in the proper proceedings. (Article 349 RPC) When will someone be guilty of bigamy? while the previous marriage of one or […]